Choose the right pot: How size and material of the pot affect plant growth?
It is indeed a beautiful experience to see a seed turn into a plant in a mini pot or cup. However, as the plant grows above and below, it becomes critical to choose the right pot that can allow healthy root growth. Growing a plant in the wrong pot can cause the decaying of roots due to space constraints which will lead to poor nutrient absorption, thus forcing the plant to shed biomass (leaves and/or branches) or die. Therefore, the right plant to pot ratio is necessary for obtaining optimum plant growth and development. Read the facts below to keep your plants healthy and alive for a long time.
Pick the apt size pot
If your plant has outgrown the pot, then upgrade it to a pot that is 1-2 inches larger in diameter than your current pot size. Further, if you are already using a large pot (around 10 inches), then consider a pot that is 2-3 inches larger. Similarly, it is always good to allow some space at the bottom in the new pot to avoid the plant from becoming constrained quickly.
Buy pots as per plant water requirements
Use a pot with no drainage to hold water for water-loving plants but choose wisely to ensure that excess water do not accumulate. For example, mud pots allow slow evaporation of water through walls and can be used for holding water for short periods. Further, buying a pot with a saucer will ensure that enough water is available for the plant to take up when the top-soil dries, as the saucer can hold water for 2-3 days. For example, it is always good to retain water for tropical plants like hibiscus. Conversely, plants that need infrequent watering such as succulents can be grown in pots that allow water to drain through the bottom. Use perforated-base pots for this purpose.
We at HomeGrow sell G-pots that come with a perforated base to ensure efficient air exchange and drainage. Further, Geoplanters are ideal for saving your plants from the problems of insufficient root space. The porous fabric of Geoplanters allows trapping of roots when they reach the base of the pot, thus allowing efficient air exchange and natural pruning.
Biodegradable pots also offer a good choice. Jiffy pellets are compressed peat substrates that expand on watering. Jiffy is good for starting a new plant as it makes transferring to a bigger pot easy as it is 100% biodegradable.
Pot material matters
Plastic pots are affordable and light to carry, however, ceramic or terracotta pots have porous material which is useful for maintaining optimum water and pot temperature in hot-humid conditions. Wooden posts are environment friendly, but wood can decay if over-watered and often requires high maintenance to avoid mould and fungus. Also, heavy material pots should be avoided inside the house as they will need to be moved around for cleaning. Fibreglass is good for indoor planting. It is light and blends well with the surroundings.
Conclusively, the size and material of the pot should be considered thoroughly to ensure a long life of your plants.