Why is Sustainability Important in Agriculture?
Introduction: The Problem with Modern Agriculture
Modern agriculture is the process of farming that relies on monoculture and the use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and herbicides. It is often contrasted with traditional agriculture which can be characterized by crop rotation, organic farming techniques, and a reliance on animal manures.
The problem with modern agriculture is that it has become too reliant on chemical fertilizers and pesticides. This has led to several problems including soil depletion, water pollution, increased pesticide resistance in pests, increased likelihood of food-borne illness outbreaks from contaminated produce, and so on.
What is Sustainability?
Sustainability is the ability to maintain a balance between the natural environment and human society.
It is a way of life that allows people to live without compromising future generations' ability to meet their own needs.
Why is sustainable farming important?
We are living in an era where the population is growing, and the climate is changing. It's time we start thinking about sustainability now.
The world's population has grown from 3 billion to 7 billion people in the last 50 years, and it’s predicted that by 2050, there will be 9 billion people on Earth. This means more food will have to be produced to feed everyone, and it also means more natural resources will be consumed.
In addition to this, global warming is leading to unpredictable weather patterns which can cause crop failures and droughts.
The question of how to feed a growing population without destroying the environment has been debated for decades. One answer is sustainable agriculture, which incorporates three principles:
- use of natural resources for production
- use of renewable resources
- conservation of natural resources by minimizing waste and pollution
Replacing Modern Agriculture with Sustainable Farming Practices Today
We need to make a change in the way we produce our food. We need to move away from modern agriculture and start using sustainable farming practices today.
Organic farming practices can help with this issue because they do not use pesticides or chemical fertilizers which can contribute to climate change.
The organic movement began when research showed that the use of artificial chemicals in agriculture was causing serious environmental problems. Silent Spring, a book by marine biologist Rachel Carlson, documented the harmful effects of pesticides on environment. Organic foods are now grown without the use of synthetic pesticides and fertilizers, growth hormones, or antibiotics. Organic farming also promotes and enhances biodiversity, facilitates carbon sequestration, use of renewable resources and organic matter, provides environmental control using livestock and other non-polluting pest control methods such as encouraging beneficial insects.
The key principles of organic farming are- Farmers should grow plants in ways that will ensure a healthy soil, plant, and animal life, and maintain an ecological balance on the farm. Farmers should not use any inorganic fertilizer or pesticide. They must also raise the animals without using any antibiotics or hormones.
Hence, if we want to protect our environment and keep it intact for our children, then it’s time we switch to gentle and sustainable agricultural practices.
HomeGrow is a proud supplier of organic farming products and equipment. Contact us for more information.